Jim Holt's essay "Code-Breaker" highlights some of the great accomplishments of Alan Turing, despite the many difficulties he faced as a homosexual in the early 20th century. Holt strives to emphasis the genius of Alan Turing and diminish the relevance of his sexual orientation.

In the first paragraph, Holt intrigues the audience to explore Turing life by describing him as "a man of secrets" (337). One of Turing's secrets was that of his homosexual tendencies. However, Holt seems to brush this off as a minor detail of Turing character. When telling of Turing's conviction of 'gross indecency', after the secret of his homosexuality coming out, Holt quickly rebuttals that "[a]nother [secret]...had not yet come to light" (337). Holt's quick and in-depth recount of Turing "breaking the German Enigma code" and "creating the blueprint for the modern computer" (337) suggest these are things much more worthy or remembering than Turing's sexuality.

It only becomes more impressive that Turing was able to accomplish such great things while facing persecution for being homosexual. Holt tells how Turing was subject to a burglary because of his homosexual affairs and under the assumption "that a homosexual would never go to the police (345). Presumably, this line of reasoning made Turing the subject of other crimes throughout his life that may have gone unreported. The ordeal of Turing's hormone treatment after being convicted seemed to do little to faze him as he continued to be an honoured academic and have a special readership created for him.

By placing the details of Turing sexuality in juxtaposition with his accomplishments, and describing his accomplishments with much greater detail, Holt shows that the details Turing accomplishments are much more worthy of being explored. Holt also shows the audience the difficulties that Turing faced as a homosexual, but shows this detail of Turing's character only serves to augment the grandeur of Turing's accomplishments.

Borders

Jun. 9th, 2013 07:19 pm
The choice that the mother in Thomas King’s “Borders” has to make, which citizenship to declare at the border between Canada and the United States, represents the internal struggle, which many minority populations face, between maintaining one’s heritage and accepting assimilation into a new culture. The border acts as a metaphor for the mother’s choice in that she is faced with having to choose between one identity, and its culture, and another.
Right from the beginning of the story the reader is aware the mother is a proud Blackfoot. Every time the daughter points out something new or something that might be interesting the mother quickly remarks how they have it right there in Blackfoot territory; such as, how they’ve “got a water tower on the reserve” (132) and telling her daughter how “[she] can still see the mountains” (133) where she is. Furthermore, the mother uses the Blackfoot language to try and dissuade her daughter on grounds of being able to see mountains (133). It can therein be seen how proud the mother is of being Blackfoot.
However, when the mother comes to the border she is challenged to declare if she is from the “Canadian side or American side” (136) with no option of identifying as Blackfoot. This represents the mother’s internal struggle to continue being Blackfoot or be assimilated into the other culture. This period of time, in which the mother had to debate how she should declare, allowed the mother to reinforce her identity as a Blackfoot. It gives her time to recall her childhood and all the stories about the stars her mother use to tell her. The narrator states how “[s]he [is] serious about it” (142). This indicates how strong the mother continues to feels about her identity despite being stuck in limbo between the borders and the fact that “[they] hadn’t eaten in a while” (142).
In this case, “[pride] is a good thing” (140). By overcoming the internal border the mother is able to draw enough attention to the situation that she is permitted to cross the physical border, as a Blackfoot. Furthermore, by sticking to her roots the mother is given an opportunity to share the stories of her childhood, her culture, and heritage with her son.
Jennifer Turpin’s “Women Confronting War” provides the reader with a deeper understanding of the specific challenges faced by women during times of war. Turpin uses word placement to set the mood of the essay and an effective tone of compassion and yearning for her audience, the public and policy-makers, to understand the truth. These elements provide the reader with the information needed to read this piece in a solemn mood with the intent of understanding, as the author intended. The author plays on the values of many societies to invoke pathos and establishes ethos through the use of statistics and anecdotes which also ground the author’s logos.
The very first word of the essay is, “war” (324). This lets the reader know that the essay is on a very serious topic. This sets the mood for the reading. It makes the reader aware that they are going to be confronted with many sad facts which should be examined carefully and the full implications of them understood. Turpin repeats this process again in other sections beginning with “Rape” (326) and “Prostitution” (327) as solitary words, highlighting their importance. The author’s desire to have the reader understand the truth about the unique effects war has on women can be seen has the author highlights how “it is important to examine the many faces of women confronting war” (324). Not only does this show Turpin’s desire for her audience to learn, it shows her compassion for those many women suffering. By showing her good nature, Turpin draws the reader in to explore the rest of her work.
At first the author makes grand claims, without providing support, which leads the reader to question her. However, eventually she comes to provide staggering figures such as the escalation of civilian deaths in World War II at 50% to 90% civilian deaths in the 1990s, of which most were women (325). Such vast numbers shock the reader, by invoking emotions of disbelief, and pushes them discover more of these hidden truths; these numbers simultaneously reinforce the readers confidence in the authors legitimacy. Reinforcements of shock are provided throughout the essay, such as the tale of the “cite[d] sexual attacks on women and girls by camp guards” (326). Another strong emotion the author invokes it pity. The author presents the reader with thoughts of anguish mothers feel carrying the babies of their enemies (326) and how many women come to be “viewed as tainted, worthless ‘property’” (327). The author’s use of pity provides the reader with a strong emotional tie to the cause at hand.
Additionally, the author relies on western society’s self-opinion of being a fair and just society to provide a challenge. Turpin asserts this society has “a cultural acceptance of violence against women” (328). To anyone reading this essay, this seems like a personal affront and accusation. This pushes the individual to act in such a manner that defies the claim; therein, Turpin has not only provided education on the subject of women in wartime but has also started a movement of non-violence against women in peacetimes as well.
Cancer has become as leading cause of death around the world. However, all forms of cancer start off as a single group of cells which grows no bigger than 0.5mm3. These early cancer cells are limited in growth because they lack a blood supply. Angiogenesis is the process by which our bodies produce more blood vessels, through the release of angiogenetic factors. There are very few cases in which angiogenesis properly occurs after birth: menstrual cycle, placental formation, and after wounds. Once the new blood vessels become unnecessary the body releases angiogenetic inhibitors to trim back the vessels to a baseline. All cancers rely on an imbalance of angiogenetic factors to attain their blood supply and nutrients.
Cancer cells will never become dangerous until they have attained a blood supply. At such a time, they can grow, release more angiogenetic factors and become invasive and infect surrounding cells while rogue cells can enter the blood stream and create new metastases. Since angiogenesis is the point at which cancers become deadly, cutting off the blood supply is the most effective way to fight cancer; this is known as antiangiogenetic therapy. This form of treatment is different from chemotherapy, in that it targets the blood supply to the malignancy instead of an untargeted poisoning of cells.
Antiangiogenetic therapy has been shown to work on a variety of cancers in both humans and pets. Compared to just chemotherapy treatment, antioangiogenetic therapy has increased survivorship, in some cancers, between 70 and 106%.
It was also shown that diet accounts for 27 to 33% of all cancers. It was further revealed that by adding certain food to your diet, red grapes/wine, strawberries, cooked tomatoes and soy beans, one can reduce the blood supply to cancer cells. Studies also noted that there is a synergy between certain foods that increases the potency of angionenetic inhibitors.
Antiangiogenetic therapy can be used to treat a multitude of other ailments including: blinding diseases, Alzheimer, arthritis, psoriasis, and, most notably, obesity. The adipose tissue, in which fat is stored, is highly dependent on a blood supply. A study in rats found that a fat rat could be made skinny through antiangiogenetic therapy. However, the rat’s weight could not be brought below the normal, healthy, baseline weight of a similar sized rat.

The Game

May. 8th, 2013 01:12 pm
While, The Game, by Ken Dryden, speaks of many advantages in stardom it also highlights the prominent life long commitment that one must make to their image and the toll it can take. Dryden speaks of how he feels trapped and that he can never get away from "an image of [himself] that isn't quite real;" smiling, shaking hands, and autographs. Even after all the years that have passed the author acknowledges that he feels guilty, a "co-conspirator to a fraud." While many people are familiar with donning a mask,from time to time, to please their family and friends, to live one's life as a grand masquerade - I could not image the toll it takes on a person.

Test Post

May. 6th, 2013 10:29 am
Just want to see if the post works.

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